History of Lip Balm
In the 1800s, Lydia Maria Child recommended earwax as a treatment for cracked lips in her highly-popular book, The American Frugal Housewife. Lydia Child observed that “Those who are troubled with cracked lips have found this earwax remedy successful when others have failed. It is one of those sorts of cures, which are very likely to be laughed at, but I know of its having produced very beneficial results.”
Between 1865-1872 Robert Chesebrough invented, patented, and distributed his petroleum jelly called Wonder Jelly. Of course, it didn’t kick off until the name changed to Vaseline®.
In the early 1880s, Charles Browne Fleet, a physician and pharmacological thinker from Lynchburg, Virginia, invented ChapStick as a lip balm. The handmade product, which resembled a wickless candle wrapped in tin foil, was sold locally and did not have much success.
The early 1900s
Companies in Japan and Sweden started developing lip care products. These products made from ingredients like yuzu (Japanese citrus fruit), camellia oil (tea seed oil), and beeswax.
In 1912, John Morton, also a Lynchburg resident, bought the rights to ChapStick product from Charles Browne Fleet for five dollars. In their kitchen, Mrs. Morton melted the pink ChapStick mixture, cooled it, and cut it into sticks. This method led to the formation of Morton Manufacturing Corporation.
In 1937 Alfred Woelbing created Carmex® lip balm in his home to soothe his cold sores. Before founding Carma Laboratories, he sold this invention out of the trunk of his car.
In 1947 Charles Arch founded Blistex® lip care products and advertised it as a medicated lip balm.
In 1963, The A.H. Robins Company acquired ChapStick® from Morton Manufacturing Corporation. At that time, only ChapStick® Lip Balm regular stick was available to consumers.
In 1971 A.H. Robins Company introduced ChapStick® four flavored sticks.
In 1973 Lip Smacker® introduced the world’s first flavored lip balm. They marketed explicitly to young girls with their slogan “all the flavor of being a girl.”
In 1981 A.H. Robins Company introduced ChapStick® Sunblock 15.
In 1988 Robins was purchased by American Home Products (AHP). AHP later changed its name to Wyeth.
In 1991 Roxanne Quimby perfected a recipe she found from an old farmer’s journal and created Burt’s Bees® Beeswax Lip Balm. Burt’s Bees sold candles before lip balm. However, their new product instantly became their best seller.
In 2009 Pfizer acquires Wyeth putting the ChapStick® brand under the Pfizer umbrella.
Pfizer sold the manufacturing facility in Richmond, Virginia, on October 3, 2011, to Fareva Richmond, who now manufactures and packages ChapStick® for Pfizer.
Ingredients commonly included in most Lip Balms:
Most lip balms contain some or all of these ingredients; however, many studies have shown that some of these ingredients can irritate and dry out your lips, causing you to reapply often.
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